The Lincoln Memorial is a U.S. national memorial built to honor the 16th president of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. It is on the western end of the National Mall in Washington, D.C., across from the Washington Monument, and is in the form of a neoclassical temple. The memorial’s architect was Henry Bacon. The designer of the memorial interior’s large central statue, Abraham Lincoln (1920), was Daniel Chester French; the Piccirilli brothers carved the Lincoln statue. The painter of the interior murals was Jules Guerin, and Royal Cortissoz wrote the epitaph above the statue. Dedicated in May 1922, it is one of several memorials built to honor an American president. It has always been a major tourist attraction and, since the 1930s, has sometimes been a symbolic center focused on race relations.
The building is in the form of a Greek Doric temple. It contains a large seated sculpture of Abraham Lincoln and inscriptions of two well-known speeches by Lincoln, the Gettysburg Address and his second inaugural address. The memorial has been the site of many famous speeches, including Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” speech on August 28, 1963, during the rally at the end of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
Like other monuments on the National Mall – including the nearby Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Korean War Veterans Memorial, and World War II Memorial – the national memorial is administered by the National Park Service under its National Mall and Memorial Parks group. It has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since October 15, 1966, and was ranked seventh on the American Institute of Architects’ 2007 list of America’s Favorite Architecture. The memorial is open to the public 24 hours a day, and more than 7 million people visit it annually. EZ DC Junk Removal
The first public memorial to United States President Abraham Lincoln in Washington, D.C., was a statue by Lot Flannery erected in front of the District of Columbia City Hall in 1868, three years after Lincoln’s assassination. Demands for a fitting national memorial had been voiced since the time of Lincoln’s death. In 1867, Congress passed the first of many bills incorporating a commission to erect a monument for the sixteenth president. An American sculptor, Clark Mills, was chosen to design the memorial. His plans reflected the nationalistic spirit of the time. They called for a 70-foot (21 m) structure adorned with six equestrian and 31 pedestrian statues of colossal proportions, crowned by a 12-foot (3.7 m) statue of Abraham Lincoln. Subscriptions for the project were insufficient.
The matter lay dormant until the start of the 20th century, when, under the leadership of Senator Shelby M. Cullom of Illinois, six separate bills were introduced in Congress for the incorporation of a new memorial commission. The first five bills, proposed in 1901, 1902, and 1908, met with defeat because of opposition from Speaker Joe Cannon. The sixth bill (Senate Bill 9449), introduced on December 13, 1910, passed. The Lincoln Memorial Commission had its first meeting the following year, and United States President William H. Taft was chosen as the commission’s president. Progress continued at a steady pace, and by 1913, Congress had approved the commission’s choice of design and location.
Address: 2 Lincoln Memorial Cir NW, Washington, DC
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